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First year of production:
Daugherty , Pittsburgh , USA
Serial nr:

The Underwood is commonly known as the first 'modern' typewriter, with four rows of keys, and visible frontstrike writing. It isn't. Two years before the first Underwood appeared, James Daugherty of Pennsylvania marketed the Daugherty typewriter.

The 4-bank frontstike marks the end of development of the manual typewriter. It is this system that finally won the battle and that is still in use today on the last manual typewriters that are still produced. Still, the Daugherty, and the later Pittsburg, have a quaint antique look and feel, in contrast to the very first Underwood and even the early upstrike Remingtons, that look remarkably much like machines produced 40 years later.

With its two bright ribbon spools facing the typist and the stretched profile, the Daugherty is a very elegant looking machine. And it had a special feature: By loosening two screws on either side of the the keyboard, the entire keyboard and type basket could be removed, and replaced with another type face. (pic 3) With that feature, the Daugherty/Pittsburg set an example for such much later machines as the Imperial.

The biggest problem about the Daugherty was the lousy alignment of the type. The typearms were relatively long and tended to swagger a bit on their long way up to the platen.

Courtesy of: Costa collection